By early Monday morning, three main sticking points between General Motors and UAW dealers remained as they pressed to close in on a new tentative contract.
The two sides worked long hours this weekend and ended around Sunday. The dealers met at the main table again at mid-morning Monday as about 46,000 UAW workers approached a month marking a nationwide strike against GM.
People near the calls warned that it was a floating situation with linked pieces. This means that a change of part of the agreement can affect other parts.
But here are the problems that remained sticky points from early Monday, to understand that they could change as the conversations progressed.
- Workers in Progress : The union wants to shorten the timeline for workers hired after 2007 to make a salary closer to those hired before 2007. Currently, these so-called development workers are hired at $ 17 an hour, which can rise to $ 28 in eight years. The union wants this to be reduced to four years, or ideally one wage level for all workers. GM wants progressive wage growth to be between four and eight years, people say near the talks. This was a top issue on the agenda with "a lot of discussion" around progression throughout the weekend, said one person close to the talks.
- Pension plans: The union wants the formulas for pensions and 401 (k) plans to be updated. Employees employed before 2007 receive a pension. Those hired after 2007 receive a 401 (k) contribution from the company. One person familiar with the plans said that none of the formulas has been adjusted for inflation over the 12 years.
- Product Distribution: In November, GM said it would indefinitely run at four of its US plants: Detroit-Hamtramck, Lordstown Assembly in Ohio and transmission facilities in Warren and Baltimore. GM has proposed solutions for Detroit-Hamtramck and Lordstown. Detroit-Hamtramck would get an electric pickup to build. Lordstown would have a battery cell factory built near it and the idle plant could be sold to a unit supported by electric pickup manufacturer Workhorse. But it was unclear whether one of these solutions was agreed. Meanwhile, people near the talks said that UAW has been pushing for GM to commit to building future gasoline-powered cars in US plants against assigning them to plants in Mexico. GM has countered this, claiming that cheaper labor costs in Mexico are forcing it to produce something there to remain competitive. A production worker in Mexico is hired at $ 1.90 an hour. UAW worries that American electric vehicle production means fewer jobs than traditional vehicle production.
Here, the problems that seem to have been resolved experimentally, with the understanding that these can also change depending on how the other points are resolved.  Temporary workers: GM has agreed to give temporary workers a path to duration as the union approved. The details of this trail remain unclear. Employees usually rent $ 15 an hour and get no pay, no profit sharing, and reduced healthcare. Many do the same or similar jobs as permanent workers. It is unknown whether the temporary workers would receive profit sharing or improved pay and benefits under the plan, but they will receive a ratification bonus
Health Care: The current health care plan, benefits and employee costs remain unchanged. On average, hourly workers pay 3% of health care costs.
Profit Sharing: The formula for profit sharing is that hourly workers receive $ 1,000 for every $ 1 billion of GM earnings in tax-earning profits in North America. But it had a ceiling set at $ 12 billion. This ceiling is removed and the formula remains the same.
Ratification Bonus: GM originally offered a $ 8,000 ratification bonus, but has raised it. The final figure will be higher than $ 8,000, but the amount is unclear.
Salaries : The question of salary increase has been settled, but people close to the case said details remain fluid as the other outstanding cases need to be settled.
One thing remains unknown, and that is the fate of the UAW-GM Center for Human Resources. GM wants to hide it; The UAW is still reluctant.
The center, on the Detroit River, east of downtown, is the base for joint programs run by the federation and GM. A similar joint training center between the UAW and the FCA has been a rallying point for a federal corruption investigation that has led to 11 charges. The prosecutors have shown that money intended for training was provided for everything from dinners to lavish personal expenses.
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Contact Jamie L. LaReau at 313-222-2149 or jlareau @ freepress. com . Follow her on Twitter @ jlareauan . Read more on General Motors and sign up for our car newsletter .
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