While the job market is still strong, there are some signals out there that the robust labor market over the past two years is finally beginning to see the start of cooling.
Government authorities employ, but fewer people apply.
From 2013 to 2017, positions in 27 states increased by 11 percent, while the number of applicants dropped 24 percent, according to a new report from the National Association of State Chief Administrators, conducted in collaboration with Accenture and NEOGOV, a public labor force.
It's a surprising finding since state jobs have often been seen as clear paths to the middle class, offering long-term positions with good benefits. But such jobs may have lost some of their brilliance.
"People are just not as attracted to the industry as they were five years ago," said Shane Evangelist, NEOGOV's CEO. "The two top factors that drive jobseekers to the public sector (s) .. Job security and benefits, and we've had some pretty big changes happen."
The big recession and its immersion settles in The idea that a state government position meant a job for life, says the evangelist. From August 2008 to December 2013, state labor forces reduced 6.5 percent, according to the National Association of State Budget Officers. was replaced when employees retired, agreed or transferred, but redundancies also contributed.
And in a report from March 2016, the US Workforce Statistics said that three quarters of the state and local population participated in retirement plans, but 57 percent of them were no longer open to new workers
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A state paycheck combined with a pension "in the long term has probably gained meaning", says the evangelist, although the salary may have been lower than what an employee could earn in the private sector. "But now we have frozen these resources, it's not as much economic value a It was once," he says.
Even in states that offer strong benefits, a national unemployment rate of 3.8 percent can make the competition for workers more
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Reid Walsh, Human Resources Deputy Head of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania says The tight labor market has affected the state's ability to fill some jobs. "" I think we are like any other state and employer that finds the labor market more competitive, "says Walsh, noting that there are 72,000 state government posts and an average vacancy rate of around 11 percent. "But what we find in Pennsylvania is that people are out there if we go to where they are."
Although the state's correctional department doesn't have Stinging on applicants for official positions, there are other governments that for engineers, doctors and nurses have been more difficult to fill. These empty positions may mean you tend to ask people to do more with less, she says. "If there is a time delay in employment, it will affect the citizens."
But over the past one and a half years, Pennsylvania has facilitated the presentation and promotion of vacancies, revising the site and knitting jargon from job descriptions and titles. These changes are especially important for contacting young workers.
"What we see is the millenniums are very interested in working in a job that has purpose and mission, and this is where we try to go in terms of our branding," she says. 19659005] For example, a position technically known as Chief of Administration five is now specifically listed as the Green Government Director.
"When you call it exactly what it is, it is much more likely to get a richer pool of applicants who understand the job and is happy to apply, says Walsh. "We see many more people searching for jobs we traditionally had a hard time recruiting for."
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Daniel Kim, director of the California Department of General Services, says that although his agency does not necessarily see a fall in applications, construction management, IT and engineering positions can be difficult to fill. 19659005] That's probably partly because potential applicants are more interested in the higher salaries they can get in the private sector, or believe that government work is not that interesting, Kim says.
"Therefore, it is important to sell this sense of mission and work-life balance," says Kim. "I'm happy with the rental rates lately," he says, adding that the state is changing the way it hires.
In the past couple of years, his department has streamlined its recruitment process from 89 steps to 14, cutting the time from initial interest to job offers from six months to about two, Kim says. Instead of just going to trade shows, the department identifies colleges to visit, influence that can help spread the word, a nd use personal LinkedIn accounts to post job alerts.
"So a combination of job descriptions more appealing, going to social media and other arenas to hire, and streamlining hiring process" , gives results, says Kim. 
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