But half a century from now, these regions may no longer be a safe haven, while the climate for growth in Denmark and neighboring countries may improve. Wineries here are already credited with making white wines with sharp, textured flavors that fade in southern regions where heat reduces the grape acid.
"We are trying to define the Nordic wine style," said Tom Christensen who founded Dyrehoj Vingaard, Denmark's largest winery, a decade ago with his sister, Betina Newberry . includes investment in grape varieties with an acidic, fresh quality and organic production without sprays and sprays.
The winery, on the lush Rosnaes Peninsula, produces 50 000 bottles of premium white and sparkling wines, and he plans to expand. "If I had a Spanish winery, I would hedge my efforts by buying land here," Mr. Christensen said. "In 20 years, You have a leading business in Europe. "
The hedges are steep. Rising temperatures have improved growth conditions, but are becoming more unstable, bringing acute heat one year and excess rain the next. It provides for uneven harvesting. But The wine produced is still small, and most are consumed domestically, leaving little for export. The revenues from wine in Denmark, Norway and Sweden were an estimated € 14 million this year, compared to € 28 billion in France.
More wine must be produced for an industry to be sustainable, said Odd Wollberg, a wine producer in Norway. Mr. Wollberg, a former mechanic, and his wife took over the Lerkekasa Vingard Vineyard, once considered Europe's northernmost vineyard, in December from owners who planted vines a decade ago. Nearly a dozen other vineyards were established nearby in recent years.