19659006] Although pesticides are used to protect growing fruits and vegetables, they can also threaten humans, per World Health Organization. Human consumption of pesticides has been shown in studies associated with cancer risk, fertility and other health problems. EWG research analyst Carla Burns explained in the statement: "The main route of exposure of pesticides to most Americans who do not live or work on or near farms is through their diet." By helping consumers know which foods are more health conscious or digging in the store, this guide is intended to help make decisions on how the antimicrobial regulation affects health.
Fear should not be part of the decision to buy food on the pesticide list, says Teresa Thorne, CEO of the Alliance for Food and Farming, a non-profit representing organic and conventional farmers of fruits and vegetables.
Thorne noted a previous study in the Journal of Toxicology that was critical of the EWG's Dirty Dozen list, and found that eating organic products did not reduce consumer risk. "It's mainly because the remains are so low, if they are at all," she said.
Research on the effects of pesticides on humans is underway, and it is not a complete understanding of whether a particular amount of pesticides is considered safe. The American Academy of Pediatrics acknowledges there are reasons to be concerned about the exposure of developing children to pesticides, especially before birth. Concerns include effects on development and behavior.
Environment The Working Group 2019 Dirty Dozen
To combat the pesticide concentration, 2019's Dirty Dozen list is: strawberries, spinach, kale, nectarines, apples, grapes, peaches, cherries, pears, tomatoes, celery and potatoes. Among these, kale and spinach contained 1.1 to 1.8 times more pesticides in weight than other production groups. This list varies, as does the use of pesticides in agriculture. "Types and quantities of pesticides used by a manufacturer will depend on the pests the producer has to deal with and weather. Weathered weather will often increase the use of antifungal agents," said Chris Campbell, EWG's Information Technology Vice President. 19659002] Despite the high pesticide residues of spinach and kale, strawberries have maintained their place at the top of the Dirty Doses list. Strawberries are popular – Americans eat about 8 pounds a year – but the chemicals used to protect and preserve strawberries increase concern, and some have been banned by the EU. The fruit received its notorious status because the US Department of Agriculture concluded with strawberries, most likely among the tested products, to retain pesticides, even after they were picked and washed.
Kale is known to be a source of vitamins and other nutrients, but vegetable can also be tainted by carcinogenic pesticides . The results of the report showed that 92 percent of the samples of conventionally grown kale were positive for two or more pesticides, and a single sample of kale sometimes contained as many as 18 different pesticide residues. The most common pesticide discovered was Dacthal, also known as DCPA, and has been identified as a potential carcinogen. Europe has banned use since 2009.
Production among the top in the list to reduce consumer exposure to pesticides is avocado, sweet corn, pineapple, frozen sweet peas and onions. In contrast to the dirty dozen, there was no detection of pesticides in 70 percent of these foods. Less than 1 percent of avocados and sweet corn tested positive for pesticides and were considered the cleanest of the list.
Environmental Working Group is 2019 Clean Fifteen
2. Sweet corn *
4. Sweet peas frozen
6. Papayas *
15. Honeydew melons
* A small amount of sweet corn, papaya and summer squash sold in the United States is produced from genetically modified seeds. Buy organic varieties of these crops if you want to avoid genetically modified products.
The recommendations of the Environmental Group are to buy and eat organic products, especially fruits and vegetables found on the Dirty Dozen list. But if your budget doesn't allow you to eat organically, fruits and vegetables are better than none.
"The science shows that what people need to know is to eat more fruits and vegetables every day, conventional or organic, choose either no list needed," said Thorne from the Alliance for Food and Farming.
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