The order aims to preserve established existing private events and provisions, and removes lease limits in the future based on FCC secondary market rules. This should motivate operators to build in rural areas, the FCC claimed. Consequently, there is a "priority filing window" for the country tribal nations to demand unused 2.5 GHz frequencies.
This can help the US catch up in some areas. Many 5G distributions in other parts of the world rely on mid-band data that may not be as fast as the ultra-wideband access in the United States, but provide significantly better coverage. Existing US 5G tends to require a glut of cellular sites (with correspondingly slow deployment) and often falls indoors due to the extra high frequencies.
At the same time, there are concerns that the FCC is wasting an opportunity to improve education in commercial success. Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel, who partially disented the order, said that the FCC effectively "burns this policy down" without compensation. Instead, she suggested that the FCC conduct an incentive auction for 2.5 GHz space and create a Homework Gap Fund to ensure that students can come online when they are not at home. While it is true that the spectrum was largely untapped, the FCC's goals effectively eliminate the chance of using it for public interest.