- The US Food and Drug Administration is still trying to determine why dogs eating certain types of pets are apparently more prone to heart disease than others.
- Since they alerted the public to the growing caseload of dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, in the dogs almost a year ago, the FDA for the first time identifies 16 pet brands most commonly associated with the disease.
- Nevertheless, the agency said it has not yet decided on this potential link. and encouraged dog owners to consult a veterinarian for advice on their pet's diet.
The US Food and Drug Administration has identified more than a dozen brands of pet foods saying they are most often associated with an increase in reported cases of heart disease in dogs.
The FDA continues to investigate more than 500 reports of extended cardiomyopathy, or DCM, in dogs eating certain types of pet foods. One form of dog disease, DCM can cause congestive heart failure in dogs.
"We know it can be devastating to suddenly learn that your formerly healthy pet has a potentially life-threatening disease like DCM," Steven Solomon, director of the FDA's veterinary medicine center, said on Thursday in a statement. Because the FDA "has not yet decided on this potential link, we continue to encourage consumers to work closely with their veterinarians."
The FDA notified the public of the cases plagued dogs in July, but did not disclose food labels. Instead, the agency pointed to seafood labeled as "grain-free" and containing peas, lentils and other legume seeds and / or potatoes as their primary ingredients.
The probe now has an agency that identifies 16 brands of dog food with most frequently reported cases of DCM. Acana was named in 67 DCM reports, Zignature in 64 and Taste of the Wild in 53.
Pet food industry barks back
Zignature, for one, disputes any connection. "In parallel with the FDA study, our own third-party internal studies found no link between our pet food quality food and some of the other physical properties that correlate with DCM," Zignature said in a post on his side.  Champion Petfoods, who owns Arcana and Orijen, works alone and with others in the industry to try to find the cause of DCM, but protested against the FDA's listing of brands.
"We find it misleading for the FDA to notice the names of brands while fully saying that they have no scientific evidence linking the diet with DCM. We feel that this will only help to confuse pet lovers, "The company stated.
The company's research shows that "Mammals are safe," it said.
The Pet Food Institute, a trading group representing 98% of pet food and therapists, said it has been consulting with nutrition experts, product safety experts and veterinarians for more than a year to find out whether there is a relationship between diet and DCM. "This is a complex problem with many factors that require scientific evaluation," said Dana Brooks, CEO and CEO of a statement.
Noted that the FDA's probe focused on ingredients in cereal pet food, the agency "has not identified any established relationship between certain ingredients and events in DCM," the industry group reported on its website, which also mentioned "millions of dogs eat and thrive on grain-free dog food. ".
The causes of DCM "can be the result of many factors, including a recipe formulation and treatment, and your own pet," according to the institute, who advised those who have questions about their pet's food, to contact the manufacturer and to consult with the family veterinarian.
From January 2014 to April 30, 2019, the FDA received 524 reports from DCM, including 119 canine deaths and five fatalities. Of these reports, 222 of them came between December 1, 2018 and the end of April, the agency said.
Here is the list of 16 pet food labels and the number of reported DCM cases that FDA suspects are related to each brand:
- Acana: 67
- Signature: 64
- Sample: 53
- 4Health: 32
- Earth birth Holistic: 32
- Blue Buffalo: 31
- Nature's domain 29
- Fromm: 24
- Merrick: 16
- California Natural: 15
- Nature balance: 15
- Orijen: 12
- Nature's Variety: 11
- NutriSource: 10
- Nutro: 10
- Rachael Ray Nutrish: 10