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CBD sales take off in Minn., Which goes over science



Products containing hemp derivative CBD are becoming increasingly popular in Minnesota, although their ingredient lists may be unreliable, their efficacy is poorly studied, and some sales for medical purposes may be crimes in this condition.

Exhausted by pain and exhausted by anxiety, customers extend to shops – and some clinics and pharmacies – to try CBD products to provide the calming benefits of marijuana without trippiness.

"Seriously, I'm really doing this," said Barb Kuehn, 67, an Oak Park Heights woman who receives CBD drops and ointments from her chiropractor for arthritis. "I can't go without having it in my house."

Retailers like nothing but hemp and Minnesota Hempdropz are part of an industry that has expanded in just a few months from two specialty stores in twin cities to as many as a dozen in the spring.

However, CBD oils, ointments, inhalants and gums have emerged in a regulatory and legal vacuum: Federal and state laws permit the manufacture of products using hemp ̵

1; a variant of marijuana that cannot produce a high but not allow Be promoted for unconscious medical cures or benefits.

The CBD wave has in many ways driven past regulators' ability to police sales, says Cody Wiberg of Minnesota Pharmacy. He worries that they are treated as consumer products, even though the CBD behaves as prescription drugs regulated by his agency.

"CBD is pharmacologically active," he said. "It acts as a substance. It is metabolized in the liver by the same enzymes that metabolize 50 to 60 percent of the drugs on the market." CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the two primary compounds in marijuana that affect the human nervous system. and endocannabinoid systems. The other is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, which produces the poor effects of the substance. Hemp is a version of marijuana grown with little or no THC.

Minnesota's medical marijuana program allows certified patients with chronic pain and 13 other conditions to receive cannabis products containing varying levels of CBD and THC from two state-sanctioned distributors.

It's different from the consumer CBD market and yet customers are sometimes the same, said Abbie Herkenhoff, co-owner of Minnesota Hempdropz stores in Maplewood and Columbia Heights. Many of her clients are frustrated by the pain they cannot shake or tire of opioid painkillers that can be strong and addictive.

"We have many people who have been on opioid medication for a decade and are just sick of it," Herkenhoff said.

The CBD market took off after Congress passed a 2018 agricultural bill that excels marijuana hemp, meaning it was no longer an illegally controlled substance.

But the lack of regulation for the CBD since then has created problems, such as concerns about inaccurate labels and ingredient lists. When Crow Wing County officials came across a product marketed as a CBD "medical" cigar, they sent it to a state lab for testing and found it contained half of the CBD listed on the packaging.

The University of Minnesota biologists tested a CBD weapon product and found that it contained a somewhat higher level of THC than permitted by law. You Prof. George Weiblen said he suspects that more products have too much THC, especially from hybrid versions of hemp and marijuana plants. He worries that problems can damage the broader industrial hemp market.

"There is nothing that regulates the labeling of these products," he said. "It's part of the problem. The other problem is that these drugs, they interact with our nervous systems in complex ways that we just begin to understand."

Lower quality methods for extracting CBD from hemp have left products with traces of other chemicals. The US Food and Drug Administration Commissioner responded last week with demands for stricter supervision. The Agency also warns three manufacturers to market their CBD products for unfounded medical benefits.

Due to this legislative confusion, the state has Sen. Karla Bigham, D-Cottage Grove, introduced bills to demand accurate labeling of CBD products and to protect the growing hemp industry. The state has 256 hampers and 130 processors.

Bigham approaches the problem as a credible CBD. She broke her foot firmly in the dogs' leash when it took off after another animal, and has since had three operations. She started taking the CBD in January, and her stiffness and pain disappeared.

"I could snowshoe on my 40th birthday," she said. "I can run on my treadmill."

Nevertheless, research on CBD is sparse. The only FDA-approved drug containing CBD is Epidiolex, which treats epileptic seizures. A 2010 study by U found that a synthetic cannabinoid-controlled pain in mice, but the author said that today's commercial use of CBD is far beyond what science has shown.

"You can't get away from the CBD. Now my co-op sells it," said Kalpna Gupta, a professor.

Many dealers are aware of the confusion. Walgreens announced this week that it would sell CBD topical ointments and creams. Minneapolis-based Target said in a statement that it did not add CBD products despite consumer interest and that it will continue to monitor the debate and the FDA's plans.

Allina Health, a Twin Cities hospital and clinic network, sells CBD products at the Penny George Institute for Health & Healing, but only to patients who have received a doctor's recommendation.

Small dealers say they take steps to polish themselves. Minnesota Hempdropz only sells products by manufacturers that release batch results to ensure the right ingredients. Nothing, but Hemp requires testing by third-party laboratories without direct financial interest.

Retailers are cautious when talking to customers, says Steven Brown, owner of the store stores. While some studies have supported the CBD for anxiety, pain and inflammation, retailers cannot make other demands. "We can tell people what others are using it. But we can't say this is going to be the cure-everything."

However, the anecdotes are convincing. Brown said the CBD helped him overcome anxiety of public speaking and eliminated his wife's migrants. And while he can't say it treats Parkinson's disease, he can relay the story of a man who bought a CBD product and felt the tremor walk away half an hour later.

"It's a true story," he said. "I can say that. It doesn't mean it's going to work for everyone."

Still, regulators are worried about the outlets. An official with the Hennepin County Public Health Department told a vendor in the Eden Prairie Shopping Center recently to stop selling CBD water and gummy products because the packaging did not provide legal THC levels.

Wiberg said that the pharmacy does not investigate suspected claims or CBD products that can meet the state's definition of drugs. The cost is too large, he said, and would go to games if lawmakers suddenly approved CBD products. But the board will investigate consumer complaints.

"CBD is a potentially beneficial product," said Wiberg, but right now we are in what I would call the wild, wild west phase, or maybe even the snake oil phase. "

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