CBD Oil: What is it? Is it legal? And can it lead to a failure of a drug test?

For advocates, CBD products can ease symptoms of everything from arthritis to anxiety. For critics, the influx of the most unregulated CBD products is related to a consumer version of the wild west.

Anyway, CBD is now legal and on the market. Here's what you need to know:

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. CBD is a naturally occurring substance derived from the hemp plant and is not used by itself, causing high levels. It comes in several forms, including creams, pills or edibles (usually gums), but CBD oil is the most common.

What is CBD oil used for?

Proponents said it can be used to treat anxiety disorders, PTSD, addiction, arthritis, chronic plan and other conditions. Researchers are also found to be successful by using CDB to reduce seizure frequency and treat them with epilepsy.

Why the sudden interest in CDB?

In December 201[ads1]8, the United States House Law, which contained a provision that legalized CDB derived from industrial hemp, passed as long as it has a THC concentration of no more than 0.3 percent. Technically, the bill changed the legal status of hemp from a controlled substance to an agricultural product.

That decision meant that people could legally buy and sell CBD.

Is it legal in Alabama?

After the transition to the farm bill, Alabama lawyer Steve Marshall issued a notice that "CBD originates from industrial hemp, with a THC concentration of no more than .3 percent on a dry weight basis, can be legally produced, sold and possessed in The state of Alabama. "

As a result, dealers across the state now offer CDB products in Alabama.

Is CBD the same as medical marijuana?


Medical marijuana is prohibited in Alabama, with a few exceptions: Products prescribed for those who are admitted to a UAB Department of Neurological Studies under Carly's Law; or those being treated for a chronic or disturbing disease or medical condition, including one that produces seizures under Leni's law.

Is CBD addictive?

A 2017 study by the World Health Organization Expert Committee on Drug Dependence found that the CBD in its pure state does not appear to have abuse potential or cause harm.

Do CBD have side effects?

According to Harvard University, the side effects of CBD may include nausea, fatigue and irritability. Reports of side effects are not widespread during normal use.

Food and Drug Administration concerns

CBD products are not evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and cause concern among health authorities.

"The FDA continues to be concerned about the proliferation of products claiming to contain CBD marketed for therapeutic or medical use, although not approved by the FDA. Often such products are sold online and are therefore available throughout the country. Unauthorized products with unfounded therapeutic claims are not just a violation of the law, but can also endanger patients, as these products have not proven to be safe or effective, said the agency.

FDA consultation

The FDA has set its first public hearing on the legalization of CBD in food and drink, hearing set to May 31.

Alabama Health Care Provider Issues Warnings

Alabama Department of Public Health has concerns about CDB

State Health Care Professional Dr. Scott Harris said cannabidiol may be related and possibly have adverse side effects

"Products labeled as CBD oil and / or other CBD -related products may contain any number of substances, and there is no guarantee that they are safe to consume as they have not been evaluated or approved. by the US Food and Drug Administration, "said Dr. Harris.

" Instead of helping relieve symptoms, the use of CBD products can have side effects that include harmful interactions with other drugs. If you suspect that a tainted CBD product has caused you to be ill, consult a poison control center and seek medical attention.

Buy online

A 2017 study at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine found almost 70 percent of the CBD extracts sold online, mislabeled.

The study showed that 43 percent of those The investigated products contained too little CBD while 26 percent contained too much. One in 5 products contained THC, which active compound chemical compound in cannabis responsible for making a person feel "high".

Can CBD Make You Fail a Medical Test?

Yes, it can happen, even though it is rare, according to experts.

In some cases, the positive test may come from impure products sold as CDB.

"The big problem … is that the required quality assurance monitor from the Food and Drug Administration is not available. There are currently no standards for the production, testing or labeling of these oils, says Marcel Bonn-Miller, PhD, an assistant professor of psychology in psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. "Selling these oils unattended, there's no way to know what's actually in the bottle."

Other people can metabolize CDB differently and trigger a positive result, according to Tod Cooperman, CEO of Consumerlab, a company that tests natural supplements such as hemp. Patients using more than 1000 milligrams of CBD per day may have a false positive on a drug test, but the average user consumes between 120 and 160 milligrams daily.

About 10 percent of users who take less dose experience a false positive, Sa Cooperman.

You can read more about CDB and drug tests here.

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