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WASHINGTON – Four of the world's largest automakers, including the Ford Motor Company, have entered into an agreement with California to reduce pipe pollution, in a fall to the Trump administration as it prepares to weaken national emission standards and recalls states' rights to set their own such rules.
The move is another battle in the fight between Trump and California, a state he seems to like counter-workers and who has filed more than 50 lawsuits against his administration. “We in California are looking at these regulations as a good thing. The Trump administration is about to roll them back, Mr. Newsom says. "They are in complete denial of climate change."
Spokesmen for the White House and E.P.A. did not comment on the deal.
Environmental policy experts called it a major downturn against Trump's efforts to relax one of the key policies of the Obama administration to combat climate change. "I think this is a breakthrough," said Daniel Lashof, US Director of the World Resources Institute, a research organization. “This shows that government management is indispensable. This is where the management comes from right now in the US about climate. "
E.P.. and the Department of Transportation is expected to announce a summer during the summer a new plan that will effectively eliminate the Obama era rule, requiring passenger cars to achieve an average mileage of about 52.5 miles per gallon by 2025. This rule would have reduced the vehicle's Emissions significant of the planet – Warm greenhouse gas pollution.
The new Trump rule, which is expected to lower this standard to about 37 miles per gallon, is also expected to revoke the legitimate California authority and other states to set their own, stricter, state-level standards.
Under the new agreement with California, the four automakers, which together make up about 30 percent of the US car market, would adhere to a slightly looser standard than the original Obama rule. Instead of reaching an average fuel economy of 52.5 miles per gallon by 2025, they would have to reach a standard of about 51 miles per gallon by 2026.
The deal will also give car manufacturers more leeway when meeting fuel economy standards through other means, such as earning credit for fuel-saving technologies, and encouraging other car manufacturers to join the agreement.
In a joint statement, the four automakers said that the agreement with California would lead to "much-needed regulatory security." The agreement would allow them "to meet both federal and state requirements with a single national fleet and avoid a patchwork of regulations while continuing to ensure meaningful reductions in greenhouse gases," they said.
Mr Trump has promoted his plan to roll back federal vehicle pollution standards as a gift to the automotive industry, however, automakers have said that can actually harm them by creating uncertainty in the government when California and other states claim the legal right to set their own standards and fight back in court
Thirteen other states are already following California's pollutant standards and are expected to fight back in court if Trump administration abolishes their right to do so. Car manufacturers fear that a mix of government and federal pollution standards may split the US car market and force them to create and sell completely different types of cars in different states.
In the Forri month, 17 car manufacturers sent a letter to Trump who told him his plan to weaken the pollution standards for the pipe breathing threatened to cut profits and produce "unsustainable" instability in an important manufacturing sector.
In response, a White House spokesman blamed California and said the state "failed to present a productive alternative."
Following this letter, several car dealers turned to California officials who asked if they could collaborate on a separate agreement. "It soon became clear that the follow-up to this letter and the lack of response from the administration that they were ready to join us," said Mary D. Nichols, California's top clean air officer.
"We had several companies that came to us," she said. "We hope and expect that in the coming days we will see other companies."
Publicly rejecting the president's plan entails risks for car manufacturers. The White House has pointed to their support for their moves, and privately, some officials have said they fear that industrial criticism may cause the president to retaliate by introducing tariffs for car imports.
It can also be painful because many cars and components are now made or partially assembled across the border in Mexico or Canada.
While two of the US Big Three car manufacturers, Ford and GM, signed the June letter to the White House, the third, Fiat Chrysler, didn't.
In an e-mail statement, Gloria Bergquist, Vice President of the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, wrote: "Uncertainty from protracted litigation is a major concern for an industry with long production cycles, so large capital investments and 10 million Americans depend on automatic paycheck. different perspectives on how to best achieve greater security. ”
Some environmental groups criticized the slower pace and expanded the loopholes of the deal being awarded to the automakers." That means more pollution, less pump savings, and a bad precedent for future standards, " Daniel Becker, director of the Safe Climate Campaign at the Center for Auto Safety, a Washington-based nonprofit group.
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