Let's face it: Taxes are a drag at any time in life. But in retirement, they can put a lot of strain on your limited financial resources. As such, it pays to find ways to reduce the tax burden as a senior, and here are three ways to do it.
1. Store in a Roth IRA or Roth 401 (k)
IRA and 401 (k) s come in two main variants: traditional and Roth. With the former, the contributions are tax-free, and employees receive an immediate tax break to fund their accounts. Withdrawals from pensions, however, are taxable.
Roth accounts work the opposite way: Grants are made with after-tax, so there is no immediate benefit to financing an account. Withdrawals, on the other hand, are tax free in retirement, thereby reducing your taxes at some point in your life when you can really use that flexibility.
If your company offers a 401 (k) plan with a Roth savings feature, you can sign up no matter how much you earn. Roth IRAs, on the other hand, forbid higher servants to make direct contributions, but if your income is too high to fund a Roth IRA directly, you can instead deposit money into a traditional IRA and then convert it to a Roth after that fact.  2. Investing in municipal bonds
Generally, seniors are advised to shift towards more conservative investments as they age, which generally means choosing bonds over stocks (although it is still a good idea to hang on some shares during retirement). If you are going to upload bonds, choose municipal bonds over corporate bonds, a good way to keep your taxes at a minimum. It is because the interest you collect from municipal bonds is always exempt from federal taxes, and if you buy municipal bonds issued by your home country, you will also avoid state and local taxes. However, the corporate bond rate is always taxable.
3. Hold Investments for at least One Year and One Day
When you sell an investment at a price that is higher than what you paid for it, you are responsible for capital gains. But how much time you have that investment before unloading, it can dictate how much tax you pay to sell it for profit.
Investments held for one year or less fall into short-term capital gains category, and the taxes you will pay on short-term gains mimic those you pay on your regular income. On the other hand, if you hold your investments for at least a year and a day, you will be driven into the long-term capital gains category and you will benefit from the lower rates associated with it.
Although long-term capital gains tax rates can change from year to year, in 2019, you pay nothing if you earn less than $ 39,375 as a single tax file. And if your income is over $ 39,375, but less than $ 434,550, you only pay 15% on long-term capital gains, which is far less than your earnings income tax on the high end of that area. 19659004] The less tax you are responsible for in retirement, the more money you have to pay your bills and enjoy your life. Therefore, think about how you can reduce your tax burden as a senior well before that milestone comes, so when it does, you are well positioned to keep more of your income away from the IRS.